7.4.3 Force as a Source of Propaganda
Using military force without UN agreement, to target people in another country, is illegal under international law (220.127.116.11). It usually fails to meet the criteria of a ‘just war’ (18.104.22.168), so it can also be condemned on that basis. Civilian casualties are almost unavoidable. Such attacks can therefore easily be criticised and can be used as a basis for propaganda against the attacker, using mainstream or social media – as described earlier (22.214.171.124).
Propaganda, against illegal attacks, harms the attackers – as examined in the following sub-sections:
- Leaders of a country being attacked can call for unity in the face of aggression, to stiffen people’s resistance (126.96.36.199).
- It damages the reputation of the attackers and generates international pressure against them (188.8.131.52).