6.7.3 Individual Rights and Responsibilities

An individual’s rights and responsibilities in a country are politically determined.  They partly depend upon whether the person is deemed to be a citizen of that country.  It is a politically contested topic because globalisation has led to an increase in population movement; some people want migration to be as smooth as possible, whereas others want to put controls in place.

The following sub-sections examine the rights and responsibilities of each status of individual:

  • Some rights and responsibilities apply to everyone, including temporary visitors (
  • Permanent residents – ‘denizens’ – have additional rights and responsibilities, which may be discretionary (
  • Citizens have more automatic rights and responsibilities than denizens or visitors (



Next Section

This is a current page, from the Patterns of Power Edition 3a book, © PatternsofPower.org, 2020.  An archived copy of it is held at https://www.patternsofpower.org/edition03/673.htm