22.214.171.124 International Human Rights Protecting the Individual
International human rights can reach through national borders to protect individuals:
- The European Court of Human Rights acts as a court of appeal which, as a condition of EU membership, can override rulings by national courts if necessary (126.96.36.199). It can also prevent the passing of new legislation that would overturn people’s human rights.
- The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights is the UN body which performs a similar service on a global basis.
- The Human Rights Committee of the UN can be asked to adjudicate – as in the case Lubicon Lake Band v. Canada, where a group of Cree Indians challenged the government’s expropriation of some of their tribal lands. Their complaint was upheld.
- The Rome Statute uses human rights as the criteria by which it can be determined whether a national politician is oppressing a group of people, to enable the International Criminal Court (ICC) to prosecute rights violations (188.8.131.52).
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