6.6.5 Multinational Political Groupings such as the EU
Multinational political groupings are defined here as comprising more than one country but not having power over the world as a whole. The European Union (EU), for example, has created a structured relationship between its members for their mutual benefit – and other similar groupings are also beginning to emerge (184.108.40.206).
This definition excludes those alliances and coalitions that have a mainly military function, which are classified as forms of Self-Protection and form part of the next chapter (7.2.7).
The following sub-sections examine the EU as an example:
● European sovereignty was pooled to gain peace and collective security (220.127.116.11). There have also been economic and social benefits.
● The EU has a wider perspective than national politicians and is less likely to make hasty tactical decisions (18.104.22.168).
● EU politicians are either directly elected by the people or are appointed by elected governments (22.214.171.124). National leaders are involved in decision making.
● Nationalist politicians in Britain fed anti-EU sentiment, blaming Brussels by distorting reality and generating political hostility towards the concept of pooled sovereignty (126.96.36.199).
● The cost of running the EU is an issue (188.8.131.52), although the savings are almost certainly worth it. Wealthier members pay more, but they also benefit more from economic stability.
● Directly elected members of the European Parliament, in political groupings, form policies that are signed off by national political leaders (184.108.40.206) – providing democratic accountability.
● It has been suggested that the EU should be a ‘multi-speed’ organisation (220.127.116.11), with members of the Eurozone moving towards greater political integration and contributing relatively more to its budget to pay for that.
● In the 2016 referendum, British voters elected to leave the EU: a ‘Brexit’ (18.104.22.168). This choice was largely driven by domestic concerns and nationalism.