Suppressing Free Speech in Politics

Politicians can try to reduce the public pressure on them by suppressing free speech.  There are several ways of doing this:

“The BBC, CNN, the New York Times and others were excluded from an audience with Press Secretary Sean Spicer, with no reason given.”

All these measures reduced the legitimacy of the politicians concerned and reduced their ability to be acceptable to the population as a whole – losing the advantages of two-way communication between politicians and the people (


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This is a current page, updated since publication of Patterns of Power Edition 3a.  An archived copy of it is held at https://www.patternsofpower.org/edition03/6833b.htm