Rights and Responsibilities Which Apply to Everyone

There are some benefits which are available to everyone who happens to be in a country, including visitors who expect to be there for less than six months:

  • Everyone benefits from public infrastructure (3.2.8).
  • Everyone pays the taxes which are levied on the sale of the goods and services which they buy.
  • All are entitled to expect socially-acceptable behaviour from the people they meet (4.4.2).
  • All are protected by the law and are subject to it.
  • Visitors might have to pay for access to some public services, such as healthcare.

As described in the following sub-sections, permanent residents may have additional rights and responsibilities ( and citizenship offers yet more (



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