The term ‘progressivism’ is used here to describe a tolerance of change, a welcoming of different points of view and a readiness to challenge existing institutions. It is the opposite of conservatism in two key ways:
- Progressives believe that new rational thought should be applied to the world as it is now. They might not accept past experience as a justification for the status quo, in contrast to Burkean pragmatism (188.8.131.52). Condorcet, for example, wrote:
“everything that bears the imprint of time must inspire distrust more than respect”.
- They believe in ‘progress’ – making people’s lives better – by politically-initiated change. This is a viewpoint which is diametrically opposed to the conservative preference for small government and ‘laissez-faire’ (184.108.40.206).
The following sub-sections identify different degrees of progressivism:
- It can just mean a desire to improve people’s lives, and to respond pragmatically to externally-imposed changes (220.127.116.11).
- Some progressives, though, are radicals and want to impose major ideologically-based changes on society (18.104.22.168).
- The most extreme form of progressivism is revolution: totally changing a country’s governance, inevitably using some violence (22.214.171.124).
 Condorcet was quoted by Thomas Sowell, in A Conflict of Visions, p. 39, when describing the “unconstrained vision”.
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